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History Cookbook

War War 2 Picture Gallery Food

1
Eating habits were changed by wartime shortages
Eating habits were changed greatly by wartime shortages.
For many people rationing, synthetic foods, strange food combinations and the restrictions of the daily diet were among the most vivid memories of life in WW2. More
2
Many foods were rationed
During the war many foods were rationed.
Food rationing was introduced in stages, beginning in January 1940. Foods that were rationed included bacon, butter, sugar, meat, tea, cooking fat, jam, cheese, eggs and milk. More
3
There was a points system for other goods
There was also a points systems for a range of other goods.
The points system gave shoppers a choice of foods such as breakfast cereals, condensed milk, biscuits, canned fruit or fish. Each food product had a value and you could buy up to the points ration for the family. More
4
The Ministry of Food provided help and advice on making best use of available food
The government appointed a Minister of Food.
His job was to sell the benefits of rationing to the public and educate people into better eating habits. More
5
Lord Woolton, as Minister for Food, ran a succesful campaign - his 'Woolton Pie' became legendary
Lord Woolton held this important job from April 1940 to December 1943.
It was the first time the findings of nutritional science, built up since WW1, were applied to feeding the population. Lord Woolton ran a very successful campaign and his famous Woolton pie became legendary! (See recipes) More
6
Reduced imports saw a need to produce more food
The loss of imports saw the need to increase agricultural production.
As more and more supply ships were being sunk by the German U-boats, additional home grown food was needed. All able-bodied men were needed to fight, leaving a shortage of labour to work on farms. The Women's Land Army provided much of the labour force required. More
7
Everyone was encouraged to grow their own food
People were encouraged to grow their own food.
The 'Dig for Victory' campaign saw people turn their flowerbeds into vegetable patches. The aim was to make Britain as self sufficient in food as possible. Chickens, rabbits and even pigs were reared in town gardens. More
8
Cartoon characters encouraged kids to eat more vegetables
'Potato Pete' and 'Doctor Carrot' tried to get children to eat more vegetables.
The carrot and the potato became the focus of a campaign to get people, especially children, to enjoy and value vegetables. They even had their own cartoon characters and songs. Even traditional nursery rhymes were adapted to the theme! More
9
Some foods, such as potatoes, were not rationed
Some foods such as potatoes, bread and coffee were not rationed.
Coffee was not such a popular drink as it is now. There were no fast food outlets other than the chip shop, which opened at weekends. This was considered a treat, not an everyday meal. More
10
The wartime loaf was made of wholemeal flour and very healthy
The wartime loaf was made of wholemeal flour and was very healthy.
As less wheat could be imported, more flour was extracted from what grain there was. This method provided a wholemeal loaf, high in vitamin B1, but different from the white bread people were used to. More
11
The government concentrated on importing high energy foods
The emphasis was on importing high energy foods.
The energy levels of home-grown food was still not high enough, despite the increase in agricultural production, to make up for the loss of imports, Some 2500 merchant ships were sunk by the U-boats, so it was important that those which did get through carried the foods most needed. More
12
People became used to dried eggs and milk
People became used to dried milk and dried eggs.
The Ministry managed to get spam, dried eggs and dried milk in large quantities from the USA. The egg powder made rubbery omelettes and puddings but became, if not popular, at least remembered with affection. More
13
Radio and magazines put forward inventive ideas for meals
A radio cookery show called "The Kitchen Front" was a very big hit.
This was because many housewives were struggling to make the family ration stretch and to make meal times more interesting. Some really bizarre recipes were put forward. More
14
People were encouraged to make pickles and jams to preserve food
People were encourage to preserve perishable foods.
There were leaflets on pickling onions, bottling fruit and preserving tomatoes. The idea was to preserve food when available for use in the winter. More
15
No food was wasted
No food was wasted.
Apple peel was boiled to make a lemon substitute in jams or drinks; bacon rinds provided fats for cooking meat or were used for flavouring soups; stale bread went into puddings or to make stuffing. Other scraps fed the animals. More
16
People were encouraged to keep chickens, especially in the countryside
Those who lived in the countryside were generally better fed.
People who lived in the countryside had more room to keep livestock or grow extra vegetables than those in large towns or cities. More
17
Supplying the fighting men with enough food was an enormous task
Supplying the fighting men with enough food was an enormous task.
There were field canteens, and where these had not been established 'compo' (composite) rations were provided, containing enough food for 14 men. There were also 24-hour rations packets for troops in active combat. The food was not exciting but contained everything necessary to maintain health. More

Redcurrant and Raspberry Cordial
Start with the sugar syrup:Slowly heat the sugar and water together in a saucepan, stirring gently...