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This page contains a glossary of words and phrases which you may find on this website, along with their explanations.

To boil for part of the normal cooking time and then finish cooking by some other method.
Small, savoury, pie cooked on a baking sheet
Pastry brush:
A pastry brush, is a cooking utensil used to spread oil or glaze on food. They are made from platic fibre or silicone. In baking breads and pastries, a pastry brush is used to spread a glaze or egg wash on the crust or surface of the food.
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Pastry or biscuit cutter:
A shaped plastic or metal outline that can be pushed down on to rolled out pastry or dough to maked shaped biscuits or pastries.
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A minced, finely chopped or pureed meat mixture, often with a liver base that is cooked in a terrine or tin, sealed with bacon fat or pastry.
Patty or bun tin:
A baking tray or tin with six, nine or twelve shallow round depressions for putting in batter or dough to make buns, pastry or cakes.
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Substance found in fruit and vegetables that allows a jam to set
Using a sharp knife, or peeler, to remove the outer layer of fruit and vegetables.
Peel - pictures
Peel - podcasts
Peeler :
A metal blade attached to a wooden, metal or plastic handle that is used for peeling certain vegetables, frequently potatoes, and fruits such as apples. There are many types including both hand and mechanical peelers.
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Pestle and Mortar:
A pestle and mortar is a tool used to crush, grind, and mix substances. The pestle is a heavy stick whose end is used for pounding and grinding, and the mortar is a bowl. The substance is ground between the pestle and the mortar.
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Petits Fours:
Very small cakes or almond biscuits served at the end of a formal meal.
To force a soft mixture (like cream, icing or mashed potato) through a nozzle to give a decorative effect.
The white celllar liming between the skin/rind anf the flesh of a citrus fruit.
To cook in an open pan in simmering liquid.
Poach - pictures
Poach - podcasts
Pot roast:
To braise, usually a whole joint or chicken.
To preheat is to warm the oven to a desired temperature before cooking the food. Preheating is important in some recipes so that you do not throw out the cooking times. Most cooking times are based on a preheated oven, unless otherwise stated in the recipe.
Pre-heat - podcasts
Pressure Cooker:
A sealed vessel that does not permit air or liquids to escape below a preset pressure. Because the boiling point of water increases as the pressure increases, the pressure built up inside the cooker allows the liquid in the pot to rise to a higher temperature before boiling. This allows food to be cooked more quickly.
To leave dough to rise in a warm place before baking.
Prove - pictures
Prove - podcasts
To press food through a fine sieve or to use a blender or processor to make a smooth thick mixture.
Puree - pictures
Puree - podcasts

Fortune Cookies
Write your fortunes/messages on strips of white paper about 10cm by 1.5cmPreheat the oven to...