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Glossary

This page contains a glossary of words and phrases which you may find on this website, along with their explanations.


a la fran├žaise:
In the manner of the French. It referes to a serving method where many dishes are placed on the table at the same time for guests to choose from. It was a popular serving method in early Victorian times.
a la russe:
In the manner of the Russians. It refers to the type of dinner party popular in late Victorian times when dishes were placed on the sideboard and then served, one after another.
Air tight containers:
Air tight containers are usually plastic or glass and can be used to store food and help to preserve it.
Pictures of this and other related items
al dente:
An Italian term used to descibe pasta cooked until it offers just light resistance to the bite.
Almond:
An edible, oval-shaped, brown-skinned 'nut like seed' that is widely used in cooking. Although known as a nut, it is actually the seed of a drupe or fruit.
Cultivation: Wide. Native to Northern India, Syria and Turkey. Domesticated almonds appeared in the Early Bronze Age. They were grown by the Egyptians and Romans and remained popular.
Uses: Can be eaten raw, or toasted, or as a component of various dishes. They are often sprinkled over desserts and are used to make almond butter. Sweet almonds are used in marzipan and nougat.
Health value: Almonds are a rich source of Vitamin E and beneficial to the immune system.
Appetiser:
A small dish of food taken before the main meal to stimulate the appitite
Apple:
A firm round fruit with a central core, red, green, or yellow skin, and white flesh.
Cultivation:Very wide. Native to Central Asia, apples were known in ancient China, Egypt and Greece and Rome. They have also been found in the graves of the early Saxons and Vikings.
Uses: Apples can be eaten raw, stewed, baked, juiced or distilled to make cider or apple wine. They are very popular in deserts.
Health value: They provide fiber are low in vitiman C but thought to have compounds that promote health.
Apple picture
Apple corer:
A small hand-held tool with a serrated ring at one end which is used to remove the core from eating or cooking apples. The corer is pushed into the stalk end of the apple until it comes out at the other end and the core removed by gently pulling and twisting upwards.
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Appliance:
A device or instrument designed to perform a specific function, especially an electrical device, such as a microwave or blender.
Apricot:
A small round fruit with a soft yellow/orange furry skin. A tree of the rose family that produces apricots.
Cultivation: Wide. It is native to eastern Asia and was widely cultivated in ancient times from around 3000 BC. It was known to both the Greeks and Romans. Eaten in England from the 16th century.
Uses: Apricots can be eaten raw, stewed or dried.
Health value: They are high in fiber and contain compounds known as antioxidants that are thought to promote good health.
Aspic:
A savoury jelly used for setting and decorating savoury dishes.
Au Gratin:
Coating food in a dish with a sauce, breadcrumbs and/or grated cheese before browning in an oven or under a grill.

Juicy Jelly Mousse
Make the jelly according to the instructions on the packet - but only add enough liquid to make...